This is a draft guide forstaffeng.com
这more folks I spoke with, the better their experiences clustered into four distinct archetypes, although these archetypes weren’t present across every company. TheTech LeadArchetype确实发生在每家公司内，但如果你看起来很难，我很确定你会发现一家已忘记的公司Tech Lead。Other archetypes showed up sporadically or only after a company had scaled into the many hundreds or thousands of software engineers.
- 这Team Leadguides the approach and execution of a particular team. Most frequently they partner closely with a single manager, but sometimes they partner with two or three managers within a focused area.
- 这一种rchitectis responsible for the direction, quality and approach within a critical area, both today and stretching into the multi-year future horizon. They combine a deep knowledge of technical constraints, user needs, and organization level leadership.
这种分类学更专注于有用比完全的但到目前为止，我已经能够融合我所说的每个员工 - 以及其中一个类别的工作人员，尽管有些人比其他人更容易融合。
Examples:Diana Pojar,丹娜,Duretti Hirpa,Ritu Vincent
团队带领are the most common Staff archetype, and lead a team or small group of teams in their approach and execution. They’re comfortable scoping complex tasks, coordinating their team towards solving them, and unblocking them along the way.团队带领经常携带团队的背景，并维护团队成功所需的许多必需的跨团队和跨职能关系。
这Team Lead角色是许多人作为员工的第一次经历。一些力量对此结果进行了共鸣。一，是Team Leadrole tends to develop early on within companies that have a strong concept of team, which is common among companies using agile methodologies, and most companies attempt an agile approach at some point. Another factor is that the day-to-day work of aTeam Lead与您已经做过高级工程师的工作最相似，也许是直观的过渡。
要承认潜在混淆的来源，有些公司使用Team Lead作为你被晋升为角色的标题。在此原型列表中，Team Lead是作为员工工程师运作的一种方法，但它的运作非常常见Team Lead在没有员工级工程师的影响而不存在的角色。事实上，您将找到非员工工程师，其行为与每个原型的行为。作为员工 - 工程师不仅仅是一个角色，而是它的角色，行为，你的影响以及组织对所有这些东西的认可。
Examples:Joy Ebertz.,Katie Sylor-Miller,Keavy McMinn,Silvia Botros.
这一种rchitecttitle has fallen out of style in many companies, but the一种rchitect角色仍然活着，并且对于在工作人员和水平运营的人们身上。一种rchitectsare responsible for the success of a specific technical domain within their company, for example the company’s API design, frontend stack, storage strategy or cloud infrastructure. For a domain to merit an一种rchitect，它必须是复杂的and终结到公司的成功。
这re is a toxic perception that一种rchitects设计系统隔离,通过他们的设计others to implement, and mandate their adoption, but that reciting that stereotype would slander the successful architects I spoke with. Instead, they dedicated their energy to maintaining an intimate understanding of the business’ needs, their users’ goals, and the relevant technical constraints. They wielded that insight to identify and advocate for effective approaches within their area of focus, leading constellations of teams despite limited tailwinds from bestowed organizational authority.
这一种rchitectrole tends to evolve in relatively large companies or companies that struggle to hire senior talent early on and later attempt to compensate for a less experienced team with one or two senior hires. Some companies push for一种rchitects为了在码比中保持深处，其他人则确定一个明确的期望一种rchitectsmust not写代码：两种模型适用于某些公司。
这Solveris a trusted agent of the organization who goes deep into knotty problems, continuing to work on them until they’re resolved. Folks in this role are moved onto problems identified by organizational leadership as critical and either lacking a clear approach or with a high-degree of execution risk.
Where most Staff-level roles require a very heavy dose of organizational wrangling, theSolver通常对已经被识别为组织优先事项的问题进行操作，因此要求进行相对较少的组织级脊医术。另一方面，一旦它们包含，它们通常会停止解决问题，这可能会造成瞬间的感觉，并且需要软触摸，以避免激怒留下的团队以维持“解决”问题。
这Solver最常见的公司凭借团队疲软，团队冲刺由轻微的无政府状态流离失所。在这些公司中，很常见的是Solverbecome prevalent in the place of theTeam Lead。你不可能遇到这个角色在交易ditionally managed sprint-centric companies until those companies become relatively large or long-lived enough to acquire their own varietal of technical debt.
Examples:Michelle Bu,Rick Boone
这右手is the least common of the archetypes, showing up as an organization reaches one thousand or more engineers, and is akin to operating as a senior organizational leader without direct managerial responsibilities.Rick Boone与他的角色相比国王的手in Game of Thrones andLeo McGarryfrom The West Wing, operating with the borrowed authority of a senior leader. However borrowing authority comes with the obligation ofremaining deeply alignedwith that leader’s approach, beliefs and values.
Folks in this role attend their leader’s staff meetings, and work to scale that leader’s impact by removing important problems from their plate. Problems addressed at this level are never purely technical, and instead involve the intersection of the business, technology, people, culture, and process.右手soften dive into a fire, edit the approach, and delegate execution to the most appropriate team, and then pop over to the next fire elsewhere in the organization. The joy of these roles is that you only work on the most important problems. The tragedy is that you’re always on to the next issue by the time those problems are truly solved.
Strong and weak team concepts
在原型描述中，我提到了弱者和强大的团队概念，这并不是普通的术语，并且应该得到一点。一种强大的团队概念is one where ownership, work and accountability is generally assigned to teams. Signs of a strong concept are sprints, story points, tracking tickets, SLAs and goals. A弱团队概念is one where most work is assigned to individuals and work is driven primarily through interpersonal connections rather than process.
因为团队作为组织领导者的抽象，但几乎所有公司都迈向了强大的团队概念after they reach a couple dozen engineers, but some companies manage to evade the specter of process for considerably longer.
一种s you think about which of these archetypes would fit you, you have to first consider which roles are available within your company, and second reflect on the kind of work that energizes you.
一种ll companies develop a need for engineers who can fill theTech Leadrole, which makes it the best entry archetype to Staff engineering. Companies with weak team constructs often develop theSolverearly, whereas companies that operate under strict sprints or agile methodologies tend to develop that role late, if ever. In the recent crops of fast growing technology companies, the一种rchitectand _Right Hand_roles have generally emerged as the organizations reached one hundred and one thousand engineers respectively, and simply don’t exist beforehand. Companies with other strains of cultural DNA often develop them earlier, or sometimes never.
这些角色的成功需要剩余的订婚，这使得花时间理解是什么样的工作能够激励你。这Team Leadand一种rchitecttend to work with the same people on the same problems over the course of years, developing a tight sense of team and shared purpose. Some months their focus will be a top company priority, and sometimes they’ll be humming along so well that executives forget your team exists.
For each archetype, you’ll find folks who love it and find it deeply rewarding, along with folks who find the work despair-inspiring. While it’s important to aim towards an archetype that fits you well, it’s also worth remembering that over your thirty or四十年的职业生涯, you’ll have long enough to spend some time sampling every archetypes.